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研究发现:天气太热真的会影响考试成绩

来源:英语学习网站 | 作者:英语网 | 本文已影响

哈佛大学联合几所著名高校开展了一项大型研究,只为了调查高温天气对学生成绩影响。结果显示,天气太热真的会让学生成绩普遍降低,解决办法就是,多开空调。

研究发现:天气太热真的会影响考试成绩

 
Photo by Tim Gouw on Unsplash  

In years with hotter weather pupils are likely to perform less well in exams, says a major study from researchers at Harvard and other US universities.

哈佛?#35753;?#22269;大学的研究人员开展的大型研究指出,在天气炎热的年份,学生们的考试成绩会变差。

There is a "significant" link between higher temperatures and lower school achievement, say economic researchers.

这些经济学研究员称,高温天气和考试成绩下降之间有“重大”关联。

An analysis of test scores of 10 million US secondary school students over 13 years shows hot weather has a negative impact on results.

这项研究在分析了1000万名美国中学生13年间的考试成绩后发现,,炎热天气对考试成绩有负面影响

The study says a practical response could be to use more air conditioning.

研究指出,比较实际的应对措施就是多开空调。

Students taking exams in a summer heatwave might have always complained that they were hampered by the sweltering weather.

在酷暑天考试的学生可能总是抱怨考不好是因为天太热。

But this study, from academics at Harvard, the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) and Georgia State University, claims to have produced the first clear evidence showing that when temperatures go up, school performance goes down.

哈佛大学、加州大学洛杉矶分校和乔治亚州立大学的学者开展的这项研究声称,首次有明显证据表明,气温升高时,学生考试成绩会下降。

Researchers have tracked how secondary school students performed in tests in different years, between 2001 and 2014, across the different climates and weather patterns within the US.

研究人员追踪了2001年到2014年间这些中学生在不同年份的考试成绩,这些中学位于美国不同的气候带,天气模式也不同。

The study, published by the US National Bureau of Economic Research, found that students were more likely to have lower scores in years with higher temperatures and better results in cooler years.

美国国家经济研究局发布的这项研究发现,气温高的年份里学生的考试成绩更差,而天气凉爽的年份里学生的考试成绩更好。

This applied across the many different types of climate - whether in cooler northern US states or in the southern states where temperatures are typically much higher.

这一结论?#35270;?#20110;美国不同气候带的学校,无论是在凉爽一些的北部州,还是在气温通常高得多的南部州。

The study, Heat and Learning, suggested that hotter weather made it harder to study in lessons in school and to concentrate on homework out of school.

这项名为“高温与学习”的研究指出,天热的时候,学生在学校上课更困难,在校外做作业时也更难以集中注意力。

Researchers calculated that for every 0.55C increase in average temperature over the year, there was a 1% fall in learning.

根据研究人员的计算,一年的平均气温?#21487;?#39640;0.55摄氏度,学习成绩就会下降1%。

Colder days did not seem to damage achievement - but the negative impact began to be measurable as temperatures rose above 21C.

冷天似乎不会影响学习成绩,但是当气温升到21摄氏度以上时,负面影响就开始显现。

The reduction in learning accelerated once temperatures rose above 32C and even more so above 38C.

一旦气温升到32摄氏度以上,学习成绩的下滑速度就加快,气温升到38度以上后更是如此。


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