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世界无烟日:全球每年300万人因吸烟过早死亡

来源:英语学习网站 | 作者:英语网 | 本文已影响

5月31日是世界无烟日,今年世界无烟日的主题是烟草和心脏病。世界?#37070;橹硎荆?a href="/yuedu/31835.html">全球每年300万人因烟草使用导致的心血管和中风等疾病过早死亡。为了你和周围人的健康,请放下手中的香烟。

世界无烟日:全球每年300万人因吸烟过早死亡

Fewer people are smoking worldwide, especially women, but only one country in eight is on track to meet a target of reducing tobacco use significantly by 2025, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Thursday.

世界?#37070;橹?#26412;周四?#30798;荆?a href="/yuedu/31835.html">全球吸烟人数特别是女性吸烟者在减少,但仅有八分之一的国家有望在2025年前实现大规模减少烟草使用的目标。

Three million people die prematurely each year due to tobacco use that causes cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and stroke, the world's leading killers, it said, marking World No Tobacco Day. They include 890,000 deaths through second-hand smoke exposure.

世卫?#27257;?#22312;世界无烟日到来之际?#30798;荆?#20840;球每年300万人因烟草使用导致的心脏病和中风等心血管疾病过早死亡,其中89万人死于二手烟。这些疾病是头号健康杀手。

The WHO clinched a landmark treaty in 2005, now ratified by 180 countries, that calls for a ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship, and taxes to discourage use.

世卫?#27257;?#22312;2005年缔结了一项标志性公约,呼吁禁止烟草广告和赞助,并增加烟草税来控烟。如今已有180个成员批准生效。

"The worldwide prevalence of tobacco smoking has decreased from 27 percent in 2000 to 20 percent in 2016, so progress has been made," Douglas Bettcher, director of the WHO's prevention of noncommunicable diseases department, told a news briefing.

世卫?#27257;?#38750;传染性疾病预防司司长道格拉斯?贝彻在新闻发布会上说:“全球吸烟率已从2000年的27%下降到2016年的20%,我们已经取得了进?#20581;!?/p>

Launching the WHO's global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco smoking, he said that industrialized countries are making faster progress than developing countries.

他在发布世卫?#27257;?#20840;球吸烟?#26159;?#21183;报告时说,工业化国家比发展中国家控烟进步更快。

"One of the major factors impeding low- and middle-income countries certainly is countries face resistance by a tobacco industry who wishes to replace clients who die by freely marketing their products and keeping prices affordable for young people," he added.

他补充说:“阻碍中低收入国家控烟的一大因素当然是来自烟草行业的阻力,这些国家的烟草行业希望自?#19978;?#21806;他们的产品,而且让年轻人买得起,?#35789;?#29616;消费者的更替。”

Progress in kicking the habit is uneven, with the Americas the only region set to meet the target of a 30 percent reduction in tobacco use by 2025 compared to 2010, for both men and women, the WHO said.

世卫?#27257;?#35828;,各国在控烟方面进展不一,与2010年相比,美洲是唯一一个将在2025年前实现男性和女性的烟草使用量降低30%的地区。

However, the United States is currently not on track, bogged down by litigation over warnings on cigarette packaging and lags in taxation, said Vinayak Prasad of the WHO's tobacco control unit.

世卫?#27257;?#28895;草控制部门的维纳亚克-普拉萨德说,但由于烟草包装警示标识的诉讼?#32422;?#28895;草税征收不力,美国目前的控烟进展并不顺利。


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